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Herpes Simplex infection

The type 1 and type 2 herpes simplex viruses are ubiquitous “microbes” that cause frequent infections on the mouth, lips and genital mucosa. Genital herpes is the most common sexually-transmitted disease in the world.

Herpes simplex virus infections have a variable appearance. They are often asymptomatic (the patient does not develop the typical symptoms). When the patient presents lesions, these are usually in the form of reddish plaques with small blisters on the surface. Patients usually also have pain and swelling and inflammation of nearby lymph nodes.

Antiviral agents are the preferred treatment for herpes simplex infections and should be administered early. Chronic suppressive treatment may be indicated for patients who experience several outbreaks a year.