Dermatological diseases and treatments
Impetigo is a common, superficial skin infection which is highly contagious. It is more commonly found in children. The staphylococcus aureus bacterium is responsible for most cases of contagious impetigo. The disease is usually acquired through person-to-person contact and it spreads rapidly. It can also be spread by fomites (contaminated objects that transmit infection). There are two types of impetigo: bullous and non-bullous. The latter accounts for 70% of all cases of impetigo. Local treatments are useful for impetigo and consist of washing and removing the crusts. Antibiotic treatment is also proposed (topical or systemic) depending on the characteristics of the patient and the number and extent of the lesions. To limit the spread of infection good hygiene and early treatment is essential.